Our open science future


Rick Gilmore



  • Final project write-ups due next Wednesday, December 13, 2023.


  • Alyssa Williamson & Maria Piccolino: “Scientific Integrity and Deception”
  • Our open science future

Our open science future

Three Little Pigs


What is science, really?

  • a stock of accumulated knowledge (facts & findings)

  • a set of characteristic methods

  • a set of cultural values (Merton, 1973, p. 268)

Source: https://penn-state-open-science.github.io/bootcamp-2023-open-sci-what-why



Psychological science is hard…


But lawful…

And sometimes full of (f)laws

Science matters…



Rigorous, robust, reproducible science…

  • Has been essential to the improvement of human health and well-being in the past
  • Will be increasingly important to these improvements in the 21st century and beyond
  • Can be strengthened
  • And must be

What you can do…

Science is a human activity

  • Humans are…
    • flawed
    • often illogical
    • emotional AND intellectual
    • biased
    • have blind spots
    • sometimes able to learn from mistakes

Advocate for science as

  • a stock of accumulated knowledge (facts & findings)

  • a set of characteristic methods

  • a set of cultural values (Merton, 1973, p. 268)

  • an essential tool for solving problems

  • that can and should be strengthened

  • through rigorous, thoughtful criticism

As a producer…

  • Commit to openly sharing your
    • data, protocols, code
    • from the very beginning
  • Carry through on your commitment
  • Encourage, help others
  • Strive to get better

As a consumer…

  • Keep your skepticism sharp
  • Ask how do we know that? Why do they think that?
  • Data + reasoning
  • Support policies, outlets, leaders who encourage openness, transparency

Richard Feynmann

The first principle is that you must not fool yourself—and you are the easiest person to fool.

(Feynman, 1974)

Good luck!



Feynman, R. P. (1974). Cargo cult science. https://calteches.library.caltech.edu/51/2/CargoCult.htm. Retrieved from https://calteches.library.caltech.edu/51/2/CargoCult.htm
Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan, A. (2010). The weirdest people in the world? The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33(2-3), 61-83; discussion 83-135. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X0999152X
Merton, R. W. (1973). The normative structure of science. In R. K. Merton & N. W. Storer (Eds.), The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations (pp. 267–278). The University of Chicago Press.